What exactly is an earthquake? Something exactly is it due to the shaking of the Earth’s surface?
Hi, We experienced an earthquake from what just happened. But why does this happen? And what exactly is an earthquake? Due to the release of energy that produces waves. Who travels in all. Everything exactly is it due to the shaking of the Earth’s surface? What waves are energy? Which shakes the earth. The surface it is so well cool complex. Earth’s interior, medium earthquake, our seismic waves, earthquakes harm life.
Exactly is an earthquake?
I don’t have to explain everything in a simple and detailed way. One piece It is made up of puzzles of about 19 to 20 pieces. Called as tectonic plate. These plates are kept partially heated. The molten layer of the earth’s molar is the reason that these pieces are continuously growing as they move. For example, move one to ten centimeters every year,
But don’t worry, all these movements cannot be felt by us. Sometimes these movements occur. Extremely strong and can be felt like a lot of vibration on your feet or under it. Can destroy the entire city. Which is called earthquake. Earthquakes occur as earthquakes in the Earth’s lithosphere region. Is generated under the earth and it releases energy at the point.
The earthquake that comes under the earth is called a hypocenter. The space just above it and the surface of the earth is called the epicenter. The most horrific earthquake ever recorded was of nine points, five out of ten occurred in 1960 in Valdivia, southern Chile, another in the Hookah region in Japan. He was of an intensity of 9.0. Which took place on 11 March 2011,
Earthquake mass and heavy damage
This earthquake was massive and massive, causing damage and destruction and with it killed about sixteen thousand people, geologists use such a device. One can understand the waves created by the motion of the. Tectonic plates These waves are known as seismic waves and are called instruments.
The incidence of earthquakes is increased according to the earthquake. Known as the Jolt and Richter scale. This magnitude is related to the energy the absolute number released during the intensity of the earthquake is expressed as zero. Ten where zero is the lowest. Where people feel nothing and ten are the highest. So that mass destruction and loss of life can happen.
The inner part of the Earth is and then we have the Otto Ku Mantle and the Crust Inner Core as the name suggests the innermost layer or that is the central layer oat it is like a solid spherical ball in nature with a radius of twelve hundred. Fifty kilometers of the Earth’s core have a temperature of between 4,500 and 5, 500 ° C facing a pressure of 300 to 360 GHz.
The interior of the earth
The next outer core of Pascal is about 2200 km thick and has an A temperature similar to the inner core which ranges from 4500 to 5, 500 ° C, then we have the mantle layer. Which is a semi solid state of about 2900. The thickness of the kilometer makes up about 84 percent of the Earth’s total. The volume and the last layer is the crust which is 0 to 70 as compared to other layers.
Kilometer in thickness which is 8 km especially under C to 32. Kilometers under the continents and it is only 1% of the total mass of the Earth. The city then we see it in Street View and then when we layer it. You can see that the color of the earth’s crust is brown. Which is called the crust and the red color in one is called the mantle on the left hand corner.
That we can see. A small box with a magnitude three earthquake on the Richter scale has been observed. Buttons that show the intensity of an earthquake when it is between intensities, minus 2 it can barely be felt when the intensity is 2 and below. From 4 we can feel slight vibration and perceive it slightly from 4 to 4.9.
Is considered a moderate earthquake,
Small or mild earthquakes are believed to occur from 5 to 5.9. Moderate earthquakes are considered and range from 6 to 6 point 9. In times of strong earthquakes we will see how much damage they cause. Anything above magnitude 7 can do and is considered a major earthquake can destroy cities and continents. These readings are recorded on a seismograph.
Now let’s see how this earthquake happens, we can see the intensity of four to 4.9 to see it, the earthquake starts from a point. Which is called hypocenter. Two types of waves are formed inside the Earth during an earthquake. The body waves are called and the other is called the surface. Waves look at what is called body waves. Body waves are those waves.
Which moves through the inner part of the earth and through the body of the earth and so when these body waves move. So these names come to the surface to generate rocks and surface waves.
Our seismic waves
Let us elaborate about these bodies from this point on which the waves and surface waves which are hypocenter waves are released, these waves are called primary waves or P waves. Now what are these Pierce-Yves P Vs are our seismic waves that move the ground backwards evenly. The direction of the wave is increasing as the direction and opposite direction. Which is similar to the speed of these sound waves,
It is an ape wave, it seems that these P waves are recorded first on a seismograph a fraction of a second when these P waves reach close to the rocks. The surface gives rise to a new set of S waves or, called secondary beams. These paths are towards the earth’s crust and are vibrations and vibrations. We think that S waves are wave speeds in a moderate-to-moderate weather move.
These are the S waves perpendicular to the direction of the wave after the PDF. These S waves, recorded on a seismograph, now hit the surface and begin. The earthquake comes at the point at which the earthquake hits the surface. After the arrival of P and S waves is called a sub-center which are surface waves as the most destructive waves as they cause movement or displacement.
Earthquakes hurt lives
The rocks that lead to the collapse of the structures and the loss of life, let’s once again see the formation of P and S waves. That an earthquake of this magnitude is between 4 and 4.9 causes damage to nearby small houses. But let’s see if the buildings are okay.
What happens when the magnitude is between 5 and 5.9, there is quite a lot of damage. Small houses are scattered and buildings become cracks. We can also see this. That road is also another broken. One thing to note is that the higher the magnitude the closer to the hypocenter. When we move from point six to point nine,
So the epicenter notices it. Damages are very large buildings. Nearly broken roads are broken and small houses collapse. Earthquakes can in fact be extremely harmful naturally. Adversity if this is the case when the magnitude is limited to seven specs. How nine and nine digits can also take five. Because these are quite common, we have studied them in this simulation in the order of magnitude.
Earthquake is difficult to predict
It is extremely difficult to predict earthquakes on the basis of earthquakes, also known as. Seismometers but even our smartphones can now detect these seismic waves and scientists can use this data to predict earthquakes and one that NASA can use.
This information in Quake and software that can use this data. Generate more efficient information Recent studies have shown that earthquakes in the first A surrounding regions record very high concentrations of radioactive pairings. Radon and Thoron occur because these gases are released to the surface with small cracks just before the earthquake.
If we can detect these gases, we can predict earthquakes at least seven days in advance. Here are some tips that can save you in case of an earthquake. Protect yourself and see you well in the next session, I hope you have enjoyed this session. This session is based on an Earthquake simulation. Thank you
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